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Plant Study Notes

Plants Study Notes:


Photosynthesis: the process a plant goes through to make its own food

Germination: fertilization process a flower goes through to make a new seed

Stamen and Anther: male parts of the flower

Pistol, Ovary and Stigma: female parts of the flower

Embryo: baby plant inside of a seed

Flower’s job: fertilization

Leaf’s job: to make food

Vascular: plants with veins or tubes

Nonvascular: plants with no veins

Angiosperms: plants with flowers

Gymnosperms: plants with cones


1.      The male cells of a flower are located in the stamen.

2.      The female cells of a flower are located in the stigma.

3.      Plants are needed for all food and life on the Earth.

4.      Mold is something that does not make its own food.

5.      When a bee goes from flower to flower it is pollinating the flower.

6.      When the ovary of a flower swells up it is turning into a fruit.

7.      Seeds get planted in different places by the help of wind, animals, and water.

8.      When a seed sprouts it is germinating.

9.      Soil is not needed for a seed to germinate.

10.  After pollination, the petals of the flower are not needed anymore.

11.  Photosynthesis happens in the leaves.

12.  Plants make their own food and fungi do not make their own food.

13.  Pollen gets stuck on the top of the sticky stamen.

14.  Pollination can happen by self-pollination or cross-pollination.

15.  Moss on a rock is an example of a non-vascular plant.

16.  Leaves, celery, trees and grass are all examples of vascular plants.

17.  Ferns, moss, and mushrooms reproduces with spores, they do NOT contain seeds.

18.  Pine Trees, Spruce Trees, Fir Trees are Conifer Trees they are all types of Gymnosperms.

19.  Gymnosperms produce cones. The seeds form on the cone.

20.  Angiosperms are plants that produces seeds inside a fruit. The fruit protects the seed.

21.  There are two types of angiosperm. Monocot is a one seed leaf and Dicot is a two seed leaf.

22.  Plants are multi-cellular.

23.  Plants produce oxygen humans need to breathe.